After seeing a question posted on KXAN’s Facebook earlier today asking what readers think about SB149, and after reading Donna Howard’s blog post decrying SB 149 about a month ago, I’ve decided to respond, addressing the issues mentioned in Howard’s post (and the comments on KXAN’s Facebook feed). I know, I know, “you’re not supposed to ‘feed the trolls'”, but because I actually testified FOR this bill, I don’t mind writing about it.
SB 149 would allow seniors to graduate from our Texas public schools after taking and failing the STAAR tests multiple times in the past three years. Some students have taken one STAAR test as many as 7 times, which adds up to about 30-35 hours of testing. Furthermore, the majority of seniors have actually passed almost all of the STAAR tests, and only lack one or two tests to meet the 5 test requirement for graduation. The number of students have not passed a single STAAR test is extremely minimal, and most likely those students have other issues (attendance, credits, etc.) that would prevent them from graduating even by committee decision.
As a CURRENT, experienced high school English teacher, I know the majority of seniors only need to pass the English 1 or English 2 STAAR test. I can tell you that the implementation of these tests was severely flawed. Teachers who were actually in the classroom during the ’11-12 and ’12-13 school years know that the preparation for the test was inadequate. We were only given field test questions that Pearson had already considered “bad questions” as a basis for our instruction. Furthermore, when test results were released in ’12-’13 when current seniors were sophomores, we did not receive valid feedback. This was extremely detrimental to students because we had no way of knowing what specific areas to focus on for remediation. Students retested that summer and failed, and the cycle continued during every following administration of the STAAR test. It was not until the Summer of 2014 that schools received any kind of adequate feedback and teachers, like myself, were able to finally TEACH TO THE TEST, and our passing rate for the retest increased substantially in December.
Believe me, classroom teachers care about what we teach and even more about WHO we teach. Research study upon research study will show that standardized testing should not be the only way student ability/achievement is measured.
Anyone that says the English 1 & 2 STAAR is an OBJECTIVE measurement of student academic progress has obviously not been an English teacher in the past 3 years. The writing required on the test is SUBJECTIVE, and is supposed to be graded on a rubric that takes into account a variety of measures from mechanics to voice. However, the process for grading English 1 & 2 tests, to say the least, is a joke. It is a well-known fact that Pearson hires people from Craigslist to grade the exams. These people do not have to have a background in English (although SOME do), they just need a Bachelor’s Degree. How is it okay for someone off of Craigslist to determine a student’s graduation status but not the people that have been working directly with the student for hours upon hours?
Also, former Pearson employees have said that TEA sets deadlines for the essays to be graded, and graders have quotas to meet. Graders can score up to 100 essays in an hour. It takes me, a highly qualified teacher with a Master’s Degree plus almost 18 hours of graduate English, about 5-6 HOURS to grade 130 essays accurately when we give mock STAAR exams. If I have to take the time to grade PRACTICE essays, shouldn’t the test scorers be held to the same standard? I seriously doubt the rubric is used effectively and would bet my salary that students’ scores are flawed.
If SB 149 passes, the graduation committee would look at overall grades in all courses. Saying that graduates would be allowed “to walk without proving their mastery of important academic skills” is basically saying that no other classwork or projects are capable of teaching students such skills. It is also a slap in the face to educators. As a classroom teacher that spends roughly 90-100 hours with a student per year, please believe me when I say I can tell you what a student can or cannot do. I don’t know when we stopped trusting teachers but it’s time for things to change. I would challenge Donna Garner to step back in the classroom for one week, particularly in a Title 1 school, within the next two weeks before the test, but I don’t particularly want her near any students.
Looking forward, Texans should be PROUD that their voices have been heard, and that SB 149 was created as a direct result of public input. There are still so many changes that need to be made regarding STAAR and how students are measured in school. HB 5 was just one small step in the right direction, and SB 149 follows in that regard.
Thankfully, and again because of public input, SB 149 has passed the Senate and now only needs approval from the House and Governor Abbott. However, if SB 149 does not pass, Texas schools will definitely be pushed further down the education hill because the STAAR test does not adequately measure “how well students have mastered academic knowledge and skills”, and ultimately, students will be the ones to bear the burden of retesting AGAIN and be labeled a “failure” as long as the test is allowed to be used as a “measuring stick”.